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1999-11-17

President William Jefferson Clinton
The White House
Washington DC
<president@whitehouse.gov>

17 November 1999

Dear President Clinton,
We the undersigned are horrified to learn that the United States delegation
in Geneva has specifically rejected incorporating references to other
relevant international agreements in the draft Ministerial Declaration
being prepared for the Seattle meeting of the World Trade Organization. As
we enter the 21st century, it is imperative that global coherence refer not
only to coherence among the WTO, IMF and World Bank; equally if not more
important for global food security, health and welfare is coherence among
the WTO, other treaty bodies and the many United Nations agencies.

In particular, the Convention on Biological Diversity and the World Health
Organization have debated and concluded that aspects of the WTO's TRIPs
Agreement could have a significant impact on the ability of nations to
comply with their mandates to conserve, sustainably use and equitably share
the benefits of biological diversity and to ensure adequate health care to
the peoples of the world. If the WTO is to preserve its authority as an
arbiter of international trade, it must recognize that other international
laws and understandings must be respected. This recognition should be
explicit.

More specifically, we strenuously urge the U.S. delegation in Geneva and
those who will be in Seattle to acknowledge the rights of nations to
control their biological resources; to guarantee the a priori rights of
local communities to use, save and exchange seeds; and to provide essential
medicines at affordable prices. Thus, we respectfully request the U.S.
soften its position regarding TRIPs to accept the developing countries'
proposals to:

        (1) amend Article 27.3(b) to expand the list of exceptions to
patentability to include living organisms and their parts as well as the
list of essential drugs published by the World Health Organization; 

        (2) operationalize Articles 7, 8 and 66.2 to ensure the transfer of
technology on fair and mutually advantageous terms; and

        (3) establish transitional arrangements that enable developing countries,
especially the least developed, to comply without jeopardizing their right
to development and without counteracting their obligations under other
international agreements, particularly the Convention on Biological Diversity.

Thank you for your attention to these matters. Please reply to Kristin
Dawkins, Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy, 2105 First Avenue
South, Minneapolis, MN 55404 or by fax: 612-870-4846 or by email
<kdawkins@iatp.org>.

Sincerely,
ON BEHALF OF THE ATTACHED SIGNATORIES

CC:Ambassador Charlene Barshefsky, U.S. Trade Representative
Ambassador Rita Hayes, U.S. Mission in Geneva
Joseph Papovich, U.S.T.R. Office for Services, 
Investment and Intellectual Property
 

Note: Affiliations following an individual's name do not necessarily imply
organizational endorsement.

ALBANIA
Elinor Bajraktari, Helping Mentally Handicapped Children Association

AUSTRALIA
Australia West Papua Association 
Australian Greens

ARGENTINA
Rita Merlo, CETAAR
Carlos A. Vicente, Acción por la Biodiversidad

AUSTRIA
Matthias Reichl, Center for Encounters and Active Non-Violence, Bad Ischl

BANGLADESH
Nayakrishi Andolon ( New Aghricultural Movement)
UBINIG (Policy Research for Development Alternative)
Dr Paul Thompson, International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management

BELGIUM
Wim A. de Bruyn, Founder, ZERO

BOLIVIA
Dra. Patricia Campos, International Baby Food Action Network (IBFAN  Bolivia)
Dr. Oscar Lanza and Dr. Victor Hugo Bernal, Accion Internacional Para La
Salud (AIS-Bolivia)
Dr. Luis Palacios Sarabia, Fundacion por la Naturaleza y la Vida (FUNAVI
Bolivia)
Sr. Rodrigo Urquieta, Comite de Defensa de los Derechos del Consumidor en
Bolivia (CODEDEDCO)

BRAZIL
PACS- Instituto de Politicas Economicas para o Cone Sul-Brasil
Gisela  S. De Alencar, Environmental Law Commission - Brazilian Bar
Association and
        Lawyers for a Green Planet Institute

BRITISH VIRGIN ISLANDS
Dr. John L. Munro, Principal Scientist, ICLARM Caribbean/Eastern Pacific
Office

CANADA
Granby Wilderness Society, Grand Forks, BC 
Tropical Conservancy 
Marie-Luce Fortier, intern with the United Nations Food and Agriculture
Organization 
Colleen Foster, John Foster, Marie-Lousie Kunkel, Jean Bonnner, Fran McRae,
Helen Knight, 
Werner Koetter, Cheryl Thomas, Yellowhead Ecological Association Canada
John James, Chair of KE (Know your Environment)
Mark Kepkay, Kootenay, Conference on Forest Alternatives
Joel Lexchin MD, Medical Reform Group of Ontario
Michael M'Gonigle, Professor of Law, Victoria, BC
Katia S. Mohindra, International Development Research Centre (IDRC)
Marnie Yourchuk, Adults in Motion Private School , Garden River First Nation

COLOMBIA
Centro de Debate y Acción Ambiental
Instituto Latinoamericano de Servicios Legales Alternativos, ILSA
Germán Vélez, Fundación SWISSAID, Colombia 

COSTA RICA
COECOCEIBA, Friends of the Earth - Costa Rica

ECUADOR
Dr. David Nelson, Centro de Estudios e Investigaciones en Salud y Nutricion

EGYPT
Aboul-Fetouh Saad Shalaby, Cairo University

FIJI
Fiji Council of Churches Research Group 

FINLAND
Friends of the Earth - Finland
Mr. Henri Rinkinen, Finnish MS-Society
Thomas Wallgren, Coalition for Environment and Development

FRANCE
Meredyth Bowler-Ailloud,  RONGEAD 
Pierre Chirac, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF), Paris
Jean-Luc Simon, Groupement Français des Personnes Handicapées

GERMANY
Federal Association against Animal Experiments - People for Animal Rights
Germany
Dr. Frank Biermann, Secretariat of the German Advisory Council on Global
Change 
Dr. Anita Idel, Autorin und Tierärztin
Eberhard Hitzler, Protestant Church in Germany
Jochen Prinz, Bund gegen Missbrauch der Tiere e.V., Animal Welfare
Laura Radosh, GERMANWATCH
Dr. Wolfgang Sachs, Wuppertal Institute
Ute Sprenger, Publicist/consultant, Berlin
Dr. Eckart Stein, Campaign To Ban Genetically Engineered Foods

INDIA
Research Foundation for Science Technology and Ecology 
Ashish Kothari, Kalpavriksh - Environmental Action Group
Habitat International Coalition
Ashok Emani, Programme Coordinator, People's Food Rights Campaign
Dr. Vandana Shiva, Research Foundation for Science Technology and Ecology
(RFSTE)

INDONESIA
PAN Indonesia 
George Sitania, Environmental Activist
Ali Sofiawan, Environmental Activist

IRELAND
VOICE

ITALY
Centro Internazionale Crocevia,  Rome
Nunzia Coppedé, Chair Disabled Peoples' International/Italy
Fabrizia Pratesi, Comitato Scientifico Antivivisezionista and
Fondo Imperatrice Nuda Contro La Sperimentazione Animale

JAPAN
Serena D. Atkinson, Global Village

KENYA
Dr. Siyad A. Abdullahi, M.B.B.S., MPH

LATIVA
Green Liberty

LAOS
Souly Phanouvong, B.Pharm, D.Pharm, PhD, Former Deputy-Director, 
National Food and Drug Control Centre

MALAYSIA
Center for Orang Asli Concerns

MEXICO
Dr Patricia Almada-Villela, Consultant in Conservation and Aquatic Biology
Francisco Arroyo G.D., Centro de Investigac`ón y Capacitación Rural A.C.
Michel E. HENDRICKX, Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y Limnologia, 
Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico

NAMIBIA
(Dr) Phoebe Barnard, Namibian National Biodiversity Programme and Biotrade
Working Group 

NETHERLANDS
Towards a Different Europe
Katherine Japuncic - A SEED Europe - Netherlands
Shawn McGuire, Technology and Agrarian Development Group, Wageningen
Agricultural University
Frank van Schaik, Strohalm, Utrecht
Arie Van Den Brand

NEW ZEALAND
Consumer Advocates, GE Free Project, Christchurch
Ian Melrose, Revolt Against Genetic Engineering (RAGE) 
Susie Lees Nelson, Revolt against Genetic Engineering (RAGE)
Dave Woodward, Touch For Health Association of New Zealand (Inc) and
Member, Supervisory Council, NZ Charter of Health Practitioners

NICARAGUA
Maria Hamlin Zuniga, International People´s Health Council
Magda Lanuza, Centro Alexander von Humboldt

NORWAY
Jan Terje Kristiansen, Nei til EU
Org.-/info. sekretær

PERU
Alejandro Argumedo, Indigenous Peoples' Biodiversity Network (IPBN), Cusco
Noe Ramirez, Asociacion Kechua-Aymara for Sustainable Livelihoods, Cusco

PHILIPPINES
Farmer-Scientist Partnership for Development (MASIPAG)
Rita Kapadia, International Center For Living Aquatic Resources Management
Teresita S. Lopez, International Center for Living Aquatic Resources
Management
Felipe Ramiro Jr., Agri-Aqua Development Coalition Mindanao
Danilo A. Songco, Caucus of Development NGO Networks (CODE-NGO)
Cesar Villanueva, Secretary General-World Futures Studies Federation (WFSF)
George L. Villegas, Executive Director, HAYUMA Foundation, Inc.
Oscar B. Zamora, Professor, UPLB-College of Agriculture

REPUBLIC OF BENIN
Jacques Arbi Akerekoro, Executive Director , Arambe NGO

SLOVAK REPUBLIC
Ryan Hunter, Center for Environmental Public Advocacy

SOUTH AFRICA
Alternative Information and Development Centre (AIDC), Cape Town/Johannesburg 
Patrick Bond, Associate Professor, University of the Witwatersrand,
Johannesburg
Rachel Wynberg, Biowatch,  South Africa 

SPAIN
Jerónimo Aguado Martín, Plataforma Rural
Iñaki Barcena, EKI- Ekologistak Martxan, Basque Country
Francisco Greno
Angeles Parra, Asociacion Vida Sana
José Antonio Pascual Trillo, Amigos de la Tierra - España 
Jorge Riechmann, Coordinador del Área de Medio Ambiente de la Fundación 1º
de Mayo de CC.OO.
Sergio Tamayo. Secretario de Interpueblos Organización, Asociacion
Interpueblos
Alvaro Luis de Toledo Chávarri, GEDEA (Grupo Ecologista de Agrónomos)
Cristina Ortega Vielba, Centro De Investigación y Formacion en Actividades
Económicas Sostenibles

SWEDEN
Swedish Consumer Coalition (Sveriges Konsumenter i Samverkan)
Inger Källander, The Swedish Ecological Farmers Association
Pernilla Malmer, Swedish Society for Nature Conservation

SWITZERLAND
Basler Appell gegen Gentechnologie
Blueridge-Institute 
Nadine Keim, Swiss Coalition Of Development Organizations
Schweizerische Arbeitsgruppe Gentechnologie (SAG)

TAIWAN
Chao, Jung-Tai, PH.D., Division of Forest Protection, Taiwan Forestry
Research Institute

THAILAND
BIOTHAI 
Rural Reconstruction Alumni and Friends Association, Bangkok, Thailand
Tido von Schoen-Angerer, MD, Medecins Sans Frontieres

UNITED KINGDOM
Bristol Genetix Group, Bristol 
Gaia Foundation
genetiX snowball
South Dorset Friends of the Earth - England
The Corner House
Dr Patricia Almada-Villela, Consultant in Conservation and Aquatic Biology
Gaizka Bilbao Laredo, MEng Aeronautical Engineering, University of Bath
Sheila Dillon, Friends of the Earth-UK 
Nick Drake, Southampton Campaign Against Arms Trade, Southampton 
Nigel Dudley, Sue Stolton, Equilibrium Consultants, Bristol
Graham Dutfield, GTRR, Oxford University
Alan Francis, Executive Chair, Green Party of England & Wales
Ibon Galarraga, Department of Economics and International Development,
University of Bath
Harry Hadaway, The Soil Association
Dr. Andrew Herxheimer, Emeritus Fellow, UK Cochrane Centre, Oxford
Dr. M.W. Ho, Institute of Science in Society, c/o Open University
Ruth Jarman, Blackwater Valley Friends of the Earth
Lara Marsh, Tourism Concern
Pamela Mason
Theodoros Papadopoulos, Lecturer in Social Policy,University of Bath, England
Dr. Darrell Addison Posey, Centre for the Environment, Ethics & Society, 
        Mansfield College, 
University of Oxford
Ms Kim Reilly, Dept. of Biology and Biochemistry, University of Bath
Dr. Tom Shakespeare, Policy, Ethics and Life Sciences Research Institute, 
        University of Newcastle
Paul Simpson, International Society for Ecology & Culture, Dartington
Claire Smith, Hemel Hempstead GM Action Group
Christian Taylor, School of Biology and Biochemistry, University of Bath
Dr Owain Williams

UNITED STATES
ACT UP Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA
Bank Information Center, Washington DC
Colombian Lesbian and Gay Association (COLEGA)
Conference of Social Justice Coordinators at the Peace and Justice Center
of Southern California
Consumer Nutrition Institute, Washington DC
Food First/Institute for Food and Development Policy, Oakland, California
Grassroots International, Massachusetts
Health GAP Coalition
Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy, Minnesota
Institute Justice Team, Sisters of Mercy of the Americas
Latino Commission on AIDS
Maine Green Party
Mano a Mano, New York City
Milwaukee Pledge of Resistance
Mobilization Against AIDS International, San Francisco, California
MoKan Alliance for Democracy, The Greater Kansas City Area
Nicaragua US Friendship Office
Organic Consumers Association
Organic Growers and Buyers Association, Organic Developments and Organic
Resources 
Park Slope Food Coop, Environmental Committee, Brooklyn, New York
Pesticide Action Network North America
Rainforest Action Network
Rocky Mountain Chapter of the Sierra Club, International Affairs Committee
United for a Fair Economy, Boston, Massachusetts
Ustawi, Seattle, Washington
Washington Biotechnology Action Coalition
Wisconsin Fair Trade Campaign
Philip L. Bereano, Professor, Department of Technical Communication,
University of Washington
Gernot Baeurle
Marc Berthold 
Penny Cabot, Stillwaters Fund, Seattle, Washington
Isabel Castillo, Ambiente, Educacion y Desarrollo Sustentable, Bethesda,
Maryland
Judith B. Chomsky Esq., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Michael Connett, Grass Roots & Global Video
Dr. Paul Connett, Professor of Chemistry, St. Lawrence University, Canton,
New York 
Ellen Connett, Editor, Waste Not, Canton, New York
Chris Desser, Constellation Fund, San Francisco, California
Sarah Delle Hultmark, Phytotoxicologist
Andy Dawkins, State Representative, Minnesota
David Downes, Center  for International Environmental Law, Washington DC
Ronnie Dugger, Alliance for Democracy
James Facette, Center for Social Justice and Global Awareness, San Antonio,
Texas
William Fiebig (US citizen), Agricultural Officer (Seed Security), 
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
John Gershman, Research Fellow, Institute for Health and Social Justice,
Massachusetts
Kay Miranda Gilbert, University of California - Los Angeles
Libby J. Goldstein, Southwark/Queen Village Community Garden, Philadelphia,
Pennsylvania
Dr. Louisa S. Hoberman, Austin, Texas
Donald Haberstroh, United Methodist Church, Northern New Jersey Annual
Conference
Debra Harry, Indigenous Peoples Council on Biocolonialism
Leigh Hauter, Director, Virginia Consumer Action 
Scott Hess, Sustainable Northbay, Petaluma, California
Terry Hetzel 
Hunt United Church of Christ Network for Environmental and Economic
Responsibility
Antonia Juhasz, Director, American Lands Alliance, Washington DC
Elin Kelsey, Monterey, California
Sydney Levy, International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission (IGLHRC), 
San Francisco, California
Mark Lynas, Corporate Watch
Ellen Lynch, CSC - Sisters of the Holy Cross, Congregation Justice Committee 
Kathleen McAfee, University of California President's Postdoctoral Fellow,
UC Santa Cruz
Anne McMullen, CSJ, CSJ Justice Office, Los Angeles California
Lucy Miller, Lawson Valentine Foundation 
Leabeth Miller, Oneida Nation Museum, Oneida, Wisconsin 
Jerry A. Moles, Global Renaissance LLC
Scott Muellner, HGA Architects, Minnesota
Maureen O'Connor, CSJ Provincial, Sisters of St. Joseph of Carondelet, CA
Province
Aurora Ramos-Castillo, Montgomery College Student
Danielle Short, American Friends Service Committee, Colorado Office
Camela Cowan,  Sierra Youth Coalition, California
Sister Marian Tung, Sisters of St. Joseph of Carondelet, Hawaii
Sisters of St. Joseph of Carondelet, CA Province 
Sisters of Mercy of the Americas, Institute Justice Team
Sisters of Mercy, U.S. Province 
Raeann Skenandore, Oneida Tribe of Indians of Wisconsin
Penny Swanson, Appleton, Wisconsin
Peter Stone, Anarchist Action of Rochester 
Pemina Yellow Bird, Three Affiliated Tribes (Mandan, Hidatsa and Arikara), 
        Indigenous Peoples Council on Biocolonialism
Mark Vallianatos, Friends of the Earth-US

VENEZUELA
Anna Ponte, AVVA Frontera Gran Sabana

ZIMBABWE
Biotechnology Trust of Zimbabwe, Harare

INTERNATIONAL
ActionAid
Africa Policy Information Center Development Alternatives with Women for a
New Era (DAWN)
A SEED Europe, Amsterdam 
Coordinadora, Campesina Europea
Coordination Paysanne Européenne (CPE), European Farmers Coordination
Disabled Peoples International - European Region, Development Office 
Ecoropa
European Coordination 'No patents on life!
Global Response (Boulder, Colorado)
Grassroots International (Massachusetts)
Greenpeace International
IRENE-International Network
Ocean Voice International (Canada)
People's Decade for Human Rights Education (PDHRE)
Revista "Página Abierta"
The People-Centered Development Forum
Dr Patricia Almada-Villela, Consultant in Conservation and Aquatic Biology
Prof. .J. Bauer, ECOTERRA International (Nairobi, Paris, Cassel, Cebu,
Cairns, Curitiba)
K. O'Connell, Director, The Gaia Trust
Dr David Duthie, Environment and Development Group
Giampiero Griffo, Chair of DPI/Europe
Ole Fjord Larsen, Secretary, The United Peoples
Mark Rand, JustAct: Youth Action for Global Justice
Margaretha Ringström, Church of Sweden Aid
Adam Ma'anit, A SEED Europe / Corporate Europe Observatory (CEO),
Israel/Netherlands
Elisabeth Piras, free lance worker for the European Fair Trade Association
William W. Rossiter, Cetacean Society International
Peter Sluiter - CONNECT, EU - NGO consultancy
Christine von Weizsaecker, Vice-Pesident for Ecoropa 


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